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Costs for Maintaining Humane Care and Welfare of Chimpanzees, October 27, 2014

NIH conducts an annual census of its owned and supported chimpanzees after the end of each fiscal year (Sept. 30) to provide the public with official figures on their numbers and cost of care. The total number of animals is expected to decrease annually as a result of normal mortality. The number of animals at different facilities may also increase or decrease as a result of relocation.

There are two categories of costs associated with the long-term care of chimpanzees owned or supported by NIH: (1) facility construction and (2) chimpanzee care and facility maintenance costs. For any facility, the cost of care per animal per day will increase as the number of animals decreases and vice versa.

Facility Construction Costs
The NIH supported chimpanzee facilities are specifically designed to accommodate the large size, strength, and the special behavioral requirements of this population. These living accommodations include indoor housing with air conditioning/heating, special wall furniture, and unrestricted access to large outdoor areas. The federally-supported chimpanzee population has been decreasing each year since the late 1990s due to a breeding moratorium and natural mortality. This census decrease has resulted in an increase in unused space at all of the NIH-supported facilities and, thus while the need for maintenance occasionally arises there is no near-term need for new construction; there are approximately 150 spaces available at the current NIH supported facilities.  There were no significant construction or renovation costs during FY 2014. 

Chimpanzee Care and Welfare

Based on the census as of October 27, 2014, and the most recent FY14 awards and payments, NIH spent a total of $12.1M for 606 animals for an average of $54.66 per day per chimpanzee across all facilities including: 1) the two research facilities, Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research (KCCMR) and the Southwest National Primate Research Center (SNPRC); 2) the Alamogordo Primate Facility (APF);and 3) the federal sanctuary facility operated by Chimp Haven, Inc. For FY13 the comparable numbers are a total of $9.76M for 644 animals for an average of $41.50 per day per chimpanzee. There appears to be a disproportionately higher cost for fewer animals in FY14. This anomaly resulted from Chimp Haven receiving only a partial award ($744K) in FY 2013 because the cap on chimpanzee funding was not raised until FY 2014 by passage of the CHIMP Act Amendments of 2013. The remainder of the funds that would have been awarded to Chimp Haven in FY 2013 was paid with FY 2014 funds (see Tables and Cost per facility information below).

Since the number of chimpanzees at any facility will change over time, the “cost/day/animal” at that facility will vary over the course of a year. Also, as funds are provided to a facility in anticipation of receiving additional chimpanzees, the cost per day per animal may appear higher for that year; e.g., see the Chimp Haven funding in the Tables below. Conversely, if funds are not totally expended from the previous year, those funds are used to offset the current year’s cost and the cost per day per animal may appear lower; see TexBiomed funding in the Tables. 

TABLES: FY14 Funds Provided for NIH Owned and Supported Chimpanzees*

Research Facilities 
Facility # of Chimpanzees, as of 10/27/14
(total)
NIH Cost**, $M/year 
(total)
NIH cost***, $/animal/day, (avg)
KCCMR 156 2.56 44.96
SNPRC, P51 85 1.0 32.23
SNPRC, U42 20 0 0
Total  261 3.56

 

37.37
 

 

Research Reserve Facility 
Facility # of Chimpanzees, as of 10/27/14
(total)
NIH Cost**, $M/year 
(total)
NIH cost***, $/animal/day, (avg)
APF 154 4.09 60.36
 

 

Federal Sanctuary
Facility # of Chimpanzees, as of 10/27/14
(total)
NIH Cost**, $M/year 
(total)
NIH cost***, $/animal/day, (avg)
Chimp Haven 191 4.44M 63.69
 

*Definition of owned and supported:

NIH-owned: NIH owns the chimpanzee and funds their cost of care

NIH-supported: chimpanzees are privately owned and NIH funds their cost of care

**Information in the tables is based on data collected at the end of the fiscal year. 

***The number of animals and thus the cost per animal per day will very throughout the year at all facilities.

COST DETERMINATIONS

Total per year

October 31, 2011 report:

  • Total number of animals owned or supported = 713
  • Total cost per year - $11.58M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $44.5

October 23, 2012 report:

  • Total number of animals owned or supported = 669
  • Total cost per year - $12.38M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $50.6

October, 2013 preliminary report:

  • Total number of animals owned or supported = 644
  • Total cost per year FY13 = $9.76M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $41.5

October 27, 2014 report:

  • Total number animals owned or supported = 606
  • Total cost per year = $12.09M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $54.66

Cost per facility

KCCMR (U42) - Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research, Bastrop, TX

  • Total cost from Notice of Grant Award (NOGA) dated 09/01/2014 - 08/31/2015= $2,560,584
  • 14 animals previously covered by a NIH Division of Veterinary Resources contract are now covered under the grant above at no additional FY14 dollars.

SNPRC (P51) - Southwest National Primate Research Center (Texas Biomedical Research Institute), San Antonio, TX

  • This is last year's total cost from NOGA dated 05/01/2014 - 04/30/2015, pro-rated for costs associated with chimpanzees only = $1.0M.
  • Under the P51, costs are shared between care for the chimpanzees and several thousand other non-human primates.
  • 85 chimpanzees are owned by SNPRC and supported with funds from NIH. 

SNPRC (U42) - Southwest National Primate Research Center (Texas Biomedical Research Institute), San Antonio, TX

  • Total cost from NOGA dated 08/01/2014 - 07/31/2015 = $1.00.
  • 20 chimpanzees owned and supported by NIH. 
  • Unobligated FY13 funds were used to pay the FY 14 costs.

APF - Alamogordo Primate Facility, Alamogordo, NM

  • Cost to extend the previous contract from 06/30/2014 to 09/25/2014 = $934,984.
  • Total cost for the base period on contract HHSN276201400013CC for period 09/26/2014 - 09/25/2015 = $3,150,452.
  • Unlike the other facilities, the APF does not have an active chimpanzee research program; no invasive research is conducted on these chimpanzees while on the premises. According to contract solicitation NHLBI-CSB-(RR)-SS-2011-264-KJM (HHS, 2011c), the current agreements between the NIH and the U.S. Air Force (USAF) prescribe that no invasive research shall be conducted on chimpanzees currently held at the APF.
  • Use Permit No. USAF-ACC-KWRD-4-01-005 states that any chimpanzee designated as surplus (eligible for retirement) must be immediately removed from the APF premises.
  • The same permit states that any chimpanzee removed from APF for research may not be returned to the APF. Further, no new animals may be introduced into the APF.

Chimp Haven, Inc. - Operates the federal sanctuary in Keithville, LA

  • Total cost for the contract HHSN268201100065C for period 07/16/2014 - 07/15/2015 = $2,734,593.
  • In January 2014, $1.2M was provided to cover the FY13 short-funding.
  • In April 2014, $504,396 was provided to cover the cost of the additional chimpanzees transferred from the New Iberia Research Center.
  • The Standards of Care for Chimpanzees Held in the Federally Supported Sanctuary System (42 CFR Part 9) and the CHIMP Act govern the activities at Chimp Haven.
  • Space is filled as it becomes available.

 

 

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