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Costs for Maintaining Humane Care and Welfare of Chimpanzees

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Preliminary Costs for Maintaining Humane Care and Welfare of Chimpanzees, October 27, 2013

NIH conducts an annual census of its owned and supported chimpanzees after the end of each fiscal year (Sept. 30) to provide the public with official figures on their numbers and cost of care. The number of animals is expected to decrease annually as a result of normal mortality.

There are two types of costs associated with the long-term care of chimpanzees owned or supported by NIH: appropriate facility construction and chimpanzee care and welfare costs.

Facility Construction Costs
Chimpanzee facilities are uniquely designed for these large animals, including indoor housing with air conditioning/heating, special wall furniture, and outdoor housing tailored to chimpanzee size and behavior. In 2002-2004 NIH spent approximately $11.8 million to construct a federal sanctuary system operated by Chimp Haven, Inc. to appropriately house 130 federally owned chimpanzees over their life time. Approximately $2 million was provided to the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in September 2010 to renovate facilities to increase the capacity of the Southwest National Primate Research Center.

Chimpanzee Care and Welfare
Based on the most recent awards and payments, NIH is spending an average of $44.50 per day per chimpanzee in research facilities; $61.3 per day per chimpanzee in the research reserve at Alamogordo Primate Facility (APF); and $42.70 per day per chimpanzee in the federal sanctuary facility operated by Chimp Haven, Inc. See Tables for detailed figures.

 PRELIMINARY TABLES: FY13 Funds Provided for NIH Owned and Supported Chimpanzees

Research Facilities (Preliminary)
Facility # of Chimpanzees, as of 10/27/13
(total)
NIH Cost**, $M/year 
(total)
NIH cost***, $/animal/day, (avg)
NIRC 59 1.01 46.7
KCCMR 147 2.44 46.4
KCCMR, DVR 16 .4 68.8
SNPRC, P51 89 .92 28.2
SNPRC, U42 22 .65 80.9
Total  (333) (5.42) (44.5)
 

 

Research Reserve Facility (Preliminary)
Facility # of Chimpanzees, as of 10/27/13
(total)
NIH Cost**, $M/year 
(total)
NIH cost***, $/animal/day, (avg)
APF 162 3.60 61.3
 

 

Federal Sanctuary
Facility # of Chimpanzees, as of 10/27/13
(total)
NIH Cost**, $M/year 
(total)
NIH cost***, $/animal/day, (avg)
Chimp Haven 149 .7441 42.71
 

1 Funds provided to last approximately 4 months at a spend rate of $190,000 per month. See explanation below in Cost Determinations. 

*Definition of owned and supported:
NIH-owned: NIH owns the chimpanzee and funds their cost of care
NIH-supported: chimpanzees are privately owned and NIH funds their cost of care

**COST DETERMINATIONS

***Information in the tables is based on data collected at the end of the fiscal year. The number of animals and thus the cost per animal per day will very throughout the year at all facilities.

April 15, 2011 report:

  • Total number animals owned or supported = 734
  • Total cost per year = $11.81M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $44.1

October 31, 2011 report:

  • Total number of animals owned or supported = 713
  • Total cost per year - $11.58M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $44.5

October 23, 2012 report:

  • Total number of animals owned or supported = 669
  • Total cost per year - $12.38M
  • Total cost per animal per day = $50.6

October, 2013 preliminary report:

  • Total number of animals owned or supported = 644
  • Total cost per year
  • Total cost per animal per day

NIRC - New Iberia Research Center, Lafayette, LA

  • Total cost from NOGA dated 09/16/2013 - 09/15/2014= $1,006,169
  • All NIH-owned NIRC chimpanzees are permanently ineligible for biomedical research.

KCCMR - Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research, Bastrop, TX

  • Total cost from NOGA dated 09/01/2013 - 08/31/2014= $2,437,039
  • Total cost for Division of Veterinary Resources (DVR) base contract HHSN263201200075I for period 8/7/2013 – 8/6/2014 = $401,967.20.

SNPRC (P51) - Southwest National Primate Research Center (Texas Biomedical Research Institute), San Antonio, TX

  • This is last year's total cost from NOGA dated 05/01/2012 - 04/30/2013, pro-rated for costs associated with chimpanzees only = $917,305.
  • Most recent numbers are pending from the P51 where costs are shared between care for the chimpanzees and several thousand other non-human primates.
  • 89 chimpanzees are owned by SNPRC and supported with funds from NIH. 
  • SNPRC also owns 26 animals not supported by NIH

SNPRC (U42) - Southwest National Primate Research Center (Texas Biomedical Research Institute), San Antonio, TX

  • Total cost from NOGA dated 08/01/2013 - 07/31/2014 = $650,000. 22 chimpanzees owned and supported by NIH. 
  • The Tex Biomed cooperative agreement is funded to accommodate the potential influx of the research colony animals described by the Working Group. Until this colony location is determined the actual costs of animals on the cooperative agreement will not be accurate.

APF - Alamogordo Primate Facility, Alamogordo, NM

  • Total cost for first option on contract HHSN268201200068C for period 06/30/2013 - 06/29/2014 = $3,624,969.

Chimp Haven, Inc. – Operates the federal sanctuary in Keithville, LA

  • Total cost for base contract HHSN268201100065C for period 07/16/2013 - 07/15/2014 = $744,000.
  • Funds provided are expected to last approximately 4 months at a spend rate of $190,000 per month. 

 

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